Hebrew Names Of God

The LORD Is His Name

“The Lord is a Master of war; the Lord is His Name” – The song of Moses and Miriam (Exodus 15:3).

According to Rashi, “His wars are not (waged) with weapons, but He wages battle with His name.” In the story of the battle between King Saul (Sha’ul שָׁאוּל) son of Kish and the Philistine Goliath of Gath, David (דָּוִד) understood that it was not a war to be confronted with weapons. Rather a spiritual war between the Lord and the enemy. The scripture stated that Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together and encamped in the Valley of Elah. The Hebrew word for Elah (אלה) comes from the assuming root word El (אל) or Eloah (אלה) and Elohim (אֱלֹהִים), meaning God. Thus we can understand that God is among the people of Israel as they encamped in the valley. Yet we learn from the scripture that Saul and all the army of Israel were dismayed and greatly afraid upon hearing the defying words spoken by Goliath. Has they’ve known that the Lord of host is the Master of war; things would have turn out differently.  

In the Torah, the names of God for El and Elohim are often associated with might or power. As Joshua who knew his God says; “Thus all the people of the earth shall know how mighty is the hand of the Lord, and you shall fear the Lord, your God always” (Joshua 4:24).

Thus David said to Goliath, “You come to me with spear and javelin”, but I come to you with the Name of the Lord of Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied” (1 Samuel 17:45).

El Shaddai, He Who Guards Over The Door Of The People Of Yisrael

In Exodus, during the Passover night in Egypt. The people of Israelite was commanded by the LORD to slaughter a Passover lamb and to dip the bunch of hyssop into the blood and to strike the lintel and the two doorposts with it. For this will be a sign so that when the LORD passes through it at night, the plague will not destroy the firstborn of the house. In the Jewish tradition, the people would be familiar with the saying ” “He who guards over the doors of the people of Israel” (Shomer Daletot Yisrael, שׁוֹמֵר דַּלְתוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל). In the Tanakh, one of the many names of God is El Shaddai אֵל שַׁדַּי (meaning God Almighty), to which is also an acronym to the phrase mentioned above. By taking the first letter of each word from the phrase, Shomer Daletot Yisrael Sh+Da+Y ( שׁוֹמֵר דַּלְתוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל ,שׁ+ד+י). Here we will get the name Shaddai – God Almighty, He who guards over the doors of His people.

Further reading:

The Unutterable Name Of Adonai – YHVH

The Hebrew name YHVH is a personal name of God mentioned many times in the Torah and Tanakh. So much so that in the Jewish tradition, it is viewed as a divine name and too sacred to be even uttered. In the synagogue service, it is vocally replaced by the Hebrew word Adonai (My Lords). YHVH is also known as the Tetragrammaton, which in Greek would mean the ‘four letter word’.

The name Adonai אֲדֹנָי comes with the Hebrew root word Adonאָדוֹן (meaning Lord, Master or owner). With the Hebrew independent personal pronouns “I” or “My” (Ani, אֲנִַי), thus we get the name Adonai אֲדֹנָי as in My Lord. Here we can see a very personal God for those who believe in Him. In Gen. 17:7 the Lord says; “And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you.” We further can see that in the faith of Abraham and Sarah mentioning “…Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them” (Hebrew 11:16).

Since the divine name YHVH is unutterable, the vowel sound of “A-do-nai” is being placed into the four-letter of Tetragrammaton (YHVH יְהוָה). When the Lord first revealed His name to Moses in Exodus 3:14; “I AM WHO I AM” or “I will be what I will be” (Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh), the verb “to be/become” (היי) refers to an Eternal God who existed since the beginning of time and until eternity.

  • He who is of the “the past” (hayah הָיָה)
  • He who is in “the present” (hove הֹוֶה) and
  • He who is/forever will be “the future” (yihyeh יִהְיֵה)

From these three words (past, present and future), we can see the same Hebrew root letters found in this amazing divine name of “Yod, Hey, Vav, Hey”, YHVH. Therefore, this divine name of God reveals a personal God who existed from the ancient of days and throughout the whole human history. The one who desires to bring salvation and everlasting communion to his people. For what does this tell us? His existence is not bound by time and He is the King of The Universe! He is The First and The Last and “Yeshua is the same yesterday, today and forevermore” (Hebrew 13:8). Blessed be His mighty name!